August 3, 1914 marks the date of one of the most depressing statements in modern political history. Edward Grey, British statesman and foreign secretary, heard news that Germany had declared war on France. Threat of a great war, having festered for years, had well and truly begun. As Grey stood by the window of his office at dusk, he declared:
"The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our time".